After Chandrayaan 3, India will take humans in space: Know more about the upcoming exploration projects of ISRO

Produced by: Tarun Mishra
Designed by: Mohsin Shaikh

As ISRO's ambitious moon exploration mission Chandrayaan-3 continues on its path, let's look at ISRO's upcoming missions, their expected dates and the total budget of these missions. From visiting the Sun to putting humans in space and with plans to start a possible Space Tourism Industry by 2030, ISRO has it all covered

The Way Forward

ISRO’s Aditya L1 is India's debut observatory-class solar mission, set to study the Sun from space. It will launch on 26th August 2023 just days after Chandrayaan-3 will make its lunar landing. The spacecraft will be positioned in a halo orbit around the first Lagrangian point (L1), about 1.5 million km away from Earth. This strategic orbit ensures continuous and unobstructed solar observation, allowing for a comprehensive study of solar activities without interruptions from occultation or eclipses

(Rs 378 crore) 

NISAR, a collaborative effort between NASA and ISRO, is a low-earth orbit observatory mission. Its mission is to globally map the Earth every 12 days, offering consistent data on ecosystem shifts, ice and vegetation biomass, sea level variations, groundwater, and natural hazards like earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes, and landslides. This mission is scheduled to take off in January 2024

NISAR (Approx. Rs 12,296 crore)

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SPADEX or the Space Docking Experiment mission will involve twin spacecraft aimed to advance technologies for orbital rendezvous, docking, and formation flying. These innovations have applications in human spaceflight, satellite servicing, and other proximity operations. The campaign will include Chaser and Target satellites, both IMS-class and around 200 kg each, launched together but in slightly varied orbits. It will launch in Q3 of 2024

SPADEX (Rs 124 crore)

Mars Orbiter Mission 2, or Mangalyaan-2, stands as ISRO's upcoming interplanetary mission to Mars, aiming for a liftoff in 2024. The mission entails key instruments like a hyperspectral camera, high-resolution panchromatic camera, and radar. These tools will facilitate insights into Mars' early crust, recent basalts, and geological phenomena like boulder falls

Mangalyaan-2 (Budget not disclosed)

Gaganyaan, also known as the "Orbital Vehicle," serves as India's crewed orbital spacecraft, developed through collaboration between ISRO and HAL. It forms the core of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme, designed for a crew of three. An enhanced iteration is in the works, equipped with rendezvous and docking capabilities. This marks the initial of two test flights before the first crewed mission

Gaganyaan 1 and 2 

India's inaugural human space mission, Gaganyaan, is scheduled for a 2024 launch. The sequence comprises an unmanned 'G1 mission' in Q4 2023, followed by the second unmanned 'G2 mission' in Q2 2024. The culminating crewed spaceflight, the 'H1 mission,' is set to launch in Q4 2024

Gaganyaan - 3 (Rs 9023 crore including 1st and 2nd mission)

Earlier this year, ISRO revealed its interplanetary mission to Venus. Shukrayaan I, is anticipated for a December 2024 launch. The concept originated over a decade ago in 2012. Liftoff opportunities from Earth to Venus present themselves every 19 months, prompting ISRO to prepare alternate launch dates in 2026 and 2028 if the 2024 window is missed

Shukrayaan - 1
(Rs 500-1000 crore)

ISRO's Chairman, S Somnath in March 2023 disclosed that strides are being made towards creating India's indigenous space tourism module, ensuring both safety and reusability. With a projected timeline, he mentioned that interested individuals can embark on space journeys by 2030, with an anticipated cost of approximately Rs 6 crore per ticket

ISRO’s Space Tourism
(Undisclosed Budget)

The ISRO Space Station is an upcoming project intended for construction and operation by the Indian Space Research Organisation countering the International Space Station. Weighing around 20 tonnes, it is designed to orbit Earth at about 400 kilometres above its surface, offering a 15–20 day stay duration for astronauts. It is scheduled for 2035 for the placement in Earth’s orbit

ISRO Space Station (Undisclosed Budget)

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